Tag Archives: Ripple

The Little Fiefdoms of Smear


This is not my standard post.

It is not news or opinion about cryptocurrencies, although for those of you who have been holding Ripple for a long time — a love-hate relationship for me — congratulations, your ship appears to be sailing in. Well, not so fast. Time to bail back to BTC? Looks like it.

Bloggers who tilt at Windmills

No, this post is about “Little Fiefdoms” or the bloggers who tilt at windmills and rant at the moon. Who build very pretty…sand castles. We’ve all seen them. They litter the net like so much garbage. Words to smear and anger, but little substance. A blemish upon the freedom of speech, but one that should never be silenced. That is the evil game of the “Little Kings.”

It is a unique environment to be sure. From the days I blogged on Prodigy or the even older Bulletin Boards, until now. Until just a little while ago, after I received a response to one of my replies I posted to a blog about…well about a lot of things. Some of it good and much of it, filled with vitriol. I was advised that if I continued to speak my mind, my responses would be deleted.

It’s a gem of a response — but also a measurement. A way of taking the temperature of a fevered patient and know when he/she is sick. And this patient? On the brink of reason, but never quite adapting to the human form. In short, sick in the philosophy.

The Deleted Minds

I asked the blogger in question to delete all of my comments. I’ve deleted garbage from my posts as well. You know the spam we receive. Loads of it. Idiots smearing. Jerks, probably high or drunk. Racists, socialists, people who forgot to take their meds. We know.

It was…hilarious. It is always that way. I imagine a person, frustrated about life and politics, blaming everyone around them, especially their own countrymen, that all of the problems would go away if only the US would be more like France or perhaps Canada — less free — more socialist. Less “provincial.” As if we Americans are perfect. That we think we are so good.

We know we are not perfect. Our Constitution is not perfect. We are over-taxed. Too many people are in prison. But we still have our handguns. We can still hold our gold and silver. We haven’t had a serious terrorist incident in a long time. Perfect? No.

The Greatest Country?

And I’m not saying the US is the greatest country on earth. I’d move in a heart beat, if you can tell me about a single country where I can carry a handgun in public, am protected (hopefully) by nukes and an army, I can drive thousands of miles across country, with no “papers” and I can still choose a private doctor. And just maybe, I can see the day when Obamacare is repealed.

I’m waiting.

Where is this fairy tale place? Where everyone lives in harmony, never argues, pays low taxes, eats only vegetables, drinks fine wine, doesn’t need a gun, because there is no crime, ever? Where healthcare is free and bums never sleep in the gutters? Where terrorists don’t drive trucks into crowds of people? Where you are not told to shut your mouth, lest you anger the Ministry of Truth in modern day — Germany?  Wow. Hitler reborn.

The Objective

You see, I’m as opinionated as the next person, but I refrain from smearing. I have fun and I’m sure I will turn some of you off by my apparently republican stance, but I’m not a republican. I’m what is called an “Objectivist.” Have been since I was about 10, just after I found out about Santa Claus. And that really sucked. I mean, I really liked that guy and then the bomb drops. He was a fantasy. Never looked at another Christmas ornament the same way again, but the magic never left.

Since then, perhaps to the consternation of religious and socialists alike, I have required only one test to determine the solution to a problem: thinking. If you are unwilling to defend your idea, plum its core, face the music — however you define it — then go cry in the corner. Stand up and take it. No safe spaces. No free lunches.

A Capacity to Reason

Many of the bloggers about, do not exercise their capacity to reason and I am by no means an Olympic challenger, but the quality of posts which fill the internet are much like the words hacked out of long dead soldiers. Until I can no longer peck away at these plastic keys, I will challenge, what I believe is the philosophical garbage. Trash heaped high on the dead, with little respect for why or how they died.

Now, did our forefathers and grandfathers all die making us freer? Of course not. That’s not my point. Our world is not perfect. Many nations — many peoples — fought hard against despotism. Millions are buried and forgotten. Millions. So, if you talk trash, I’ll burn it.

Any idea that heads us in that direction ought to be challenged. Ideas like having made a bad choice in the past and ending up in America — where you do not live on the backs of others as much as say, the Canadians. Regrets that other countries are better.

Why are you here…still?

Simple question. Why are you here? There are no fences keeping you in. And I wish that we did not have Social Security, so you would stop being the leeches you are. You have no right to force others to pay your way. There is no Social Security Trust Fund. There is no money. We are paying you directly — against our will. What is that called? It is called slavery. No, not physical chains, just financial ones. Which ones are more honest?

And why did you not save for your own retirement? When will dinosaurs like you become extinct? When will we be able show our children your bones and point, “Yes, son, these were a people who were part of the Second Stage of Slavery — economic slavery — until they learned that all forms of slavery were wrong.” The little boy, about six, looks up, “boy dad, people were so stupid back then…”

The Words of War

This is the first area where wars are fought. Words. We have unleashed the war of ideas now, like Pandora’s box. Failure to respond to dead lies, is losing by default. Little by little the leeches win. The idea slavers.

I say smack away at the misquotes of hate. Make them rue the day they found their way back from the swamps. If someone tells you, as an American (say some foolish Aussie and I know some smarter ones from down under) that human rights don’t exist, let loose the mouth of honesty. Oh, how the criminal minds hate that. How they beg you to stop the reality show. How they “delete” you rather the “debate” you. Castles in the sand. Reality, they say, is range of the moment.

And that’s the rub. Why do they — the bad bloggers on the net — wish to live off of the labor of others — the backs of others? To exist in that law-of-the-jungle system, where the guy or gal with most power wins? Where might, equals power over others? Then have the audacity to call it civilized?

They, the bloggers of low-think, use one of two techniques: Faith or force. Believe in God or Allah or the local deity [insert name here] or you are evil or mislead. Force. Force everyone to bend to your will in order to create an ordered fiefdom of serfs, lords and kings. The proverbial ant pile.

Even bloggers are want of the history book and mind.

(Oh and don’t blame government-public-schools — blame mother and father and yourself for not having the desire to know what the heck is going on around you. Crack a book. Turn on your ebook.)


 

 

 

Advertisements

Will Bitcoin Fork on July 21, 2017?

Burn

 

Bitcoin has been steadily devaluing. In fact, most of the major cryptocurrencies on earth are also losing steam. Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin, Steem, and even Dash are suffering. In some cases losses have exceeded 25% in less than a week.

Is it the end of an era or a readjustment period? A shakeout, if you will?

Many have debated why, as bitcoin dips, does it seem to initiate a larger scale downward trend throughout the cryptosphere. Each time bitcoin sneezes, crypto in general, catches a cold. Today — this week — bitcoin has the flu.

Some have pointed to alleged “Civil War” between the Bitcoin Core Team and the Bitcoin miners as the culprit. Primarily, the accusations are being leveled against the miners who control most of the network. The Chinese.

There is also some bickering within the Bitcore Core Team itself. But the idea that all of the planned changes — the proposed updates — to the code, will cause a rift is also on the debate table. A debate about a potential bitcoin fork — a split of its blockchain. Or perhaps users will use another blockchain. (I will get to that in a moment.)

Let’s face it, most bitcoin users, investors, watchers, writers — do not give a bleep about large conglomerates of miners who are churning out bitcoins and making a tidy profit. They are charging the community for the privilege of using a peer-to-peer system, allegedly designed to reduce the financial friction between willing parties. That is now history. The price of doing bitcoin business is becoming more expensive to the small consumer. Still, aside from the slow processing times, sending large amounts of bitcoin internationally, is cheaper than using the antiquated banking systems of today. In other words, bitcoin seems to be helping those with lots of bitcoin. Not a good sign.

Many of us do care that the Bitcoin Core Team is working to keep the code “bug-free” and that they are attempting to update the system. However, they are not dictators. They do not have the final say. The community must accept the updates. The users of the system are voluntary. If they do not accept the changes — if the miners feel cheated by the prospect of having their profits reduced — we could see a fork. And this could mean the destruction of the most successful private money that has ever existed — maybe.

Such a thing would not only evaporate the wealth housed within the blockchain, but potentially all of the investments tied to the bitcoin ecosystem — worldwide. From ATM’s in Vegas to the Mom and Pop Dress Shops in Morocco. All of that seed money, those start-ups, YouTube preachers — you name it. Adrift in the cosmos of bankruptcy. It would be painful for some.

Is there a silver lining to all of this?

Antpool, the largest bitcoin mining operation on earth, does not want the updates offered by Core — “SegWit.” Bitcoin Core is pushing ahead anyway. It is a Goliath versus Samson battle — all over again. Core holds the sling (the keys to the original code) but Antpool can simply copy the code. If the Antpool Goliath does this, will anyone trust him? Actually, the last I read — and info can be sketchy here — Antpool had a back-up plan. They started mining Bitcoin Unlimited a few months ago. (That’s another story, but suffice it to say it solves many of the problems associated with the current version of bitcoin.)

Philosophical battles aside, the concerns over whether bitcoin (or any cryptocurrency) must decide between the corporate world and somebody’s idea of traditional capital is a red herring. Any money ought to be neutral in that sense, if the developers/community so decide. And therein lies the problem. Any community of anything is going to debate, endlessly. Although, I am not speaking in support of Dash, their governance model does have advantages.

In any event, the fireworks begin in just a few days — July 21, 2017. If 80% of the bitcoin community adopts the updates — SegWit — all should be fine. On the other hand, if the community does not adopt the updates, it is likely that an alternative solution might be employed on August 1, 2017. That is the idea of a “soft fork” employing SegWit as user activated “choice.” By then, Antpool may be off the reservation — employing Bitcoin Unlimited. The tension is palpable.

Let’s add more fuel to that fire, shall we dear readers?

CNBC put out a panic article recently and it does have some rather prescient information. Namely, that the Bitcoin.org community has recommended that everyone — every user of bitcoin — take a “bank holiday” a few days before the proposed changes are to take place. Say on Friday, July 19, 2017 — you know — just to be on the safe side. Did you catch that? Turn off your bitcoin wallets. Now I’m as brave as the next guy, but don’t get between me and my cash. And yet, major players are notifying bitcoin users that they are doing just that. No deposits or withdrawals? No trading for a few days? Be prepared.

Do you know what happens during bank holidays? Panic. Users might find a substitute. Certainly trust will be eroded.

Hence, bitcoin is devaluing. People are cashing out. Waiting on the sidelines.

Now if you are confused, you should be. Hour by hour, bitcoin is still loosing ground. As of this writing, the price of one bitcoin just dropped below $2000, then popped up again. That is over a 30% value reduction in just over a month. Coming from just over $570 each last August (2016), which is amazing in itself, anyone holding the coin, if the blockchain forks, could be left holding thin air.

As some have put it, we are witnessing, once again, a sea of red. Let’s just hope that the entire thing does not go “bleeps up.”

You can check here for up to date valuations:

CryptoCurrency Market Capitalizations.

Thanks for reading. If you have any input, let me know in the comments section below.

(Oh, and thanks RK.)


Image: Flickr

 

Bytecoin Speculation

 

bytecoin_logo_b_white_circle_large - Copy

Why is it that the Bytecoin Team seems aloof, almost disinterested in their own potential success? It does not appear that they are abandoning ship, based upon recent Github activities. Someone is updating.

And someone is adding news and blogs to the official Bytecoin.org website after many months.

Still, why the relative quiet, other than within their own forum?  That was, until its recent disappearance and reappearance.

After filling up with advertisements, and after yours truly advised them of such via their website, the Bytecoin Forum seemed to have taken a hiatus. Recently sometime around June 7, 2017, it was back up.

Now I understand the need for anonymity in today’s world. But such anonymity is a double-edged sword. Having cryptocurrency developers retain their privacy certainly keeps them safe from the overzealous government-banksters. (And yes, I’m sure there are good bankers out there — working in a bad environment.)

On the other hand, the Bytecoin Team must know that we the users get a bit antsy when we cannot “read the news” more often. Even if the news is slanted. Why? Because we can read between the lines.

In fact, Bytecoin.org, something seems amiss now that you are talking again. Has your “voice” changed?

Recently — May 17, 2017 — Bytecoin.org added a new blog entry. As usual, their blog was professional and polished or was it? Actually two entries were made. The blog and on May 19, 2017, a news piece. Both were clear, but rather brief. I’ll focus on the May 17th blog entry for now. It has a few oddities, if you read it closely.

 

First:

 

“Cryptocurrency market has been developing drastically, bringing more and more innovations to explore.”

 

That’s the first sentence of the blog. Who starts a sentence like that? Shouldn’t there be a “The” to start that sentence? Okay, no biggie. Let’s move on.

The blog was titled “Untraceable Tokens.” It implied that the cryptocurrency space has been innovating. That there is more to explore. Certainly this is true. Since Bytecoin came along, Monero was born and Bitcoin, as always is experiencing growing pains. And a thousand other cryptocurrencies have been born and have since faded in the no-trade zone.

 

A second oddity in the blog:

 

“…top ten token market capitalization value overgrowing $1.4 billion.”

 

Overgrowing? How about “exceeding” $1.4 billion. Again, this could be a “country” thing.

 

A third issue, that may just be me…

 

“…we promise to give you full detail in the upcoming posts.”

 

Full “detail?” Do they mean full “details?”

Say that with a Russian accent: “Comrade, sit in chair, give full detail in upcoming posts. Bytecoin is not Russian, this you must tell world. And KGB not overgrowing. It dead.”

 

A fourth issue:

 

“Further on we will keep you informed about the development process to make sure you do not miss the opportunity to be in the first line to emit your own untraceable Bytecoin based token.”

 

Is it just me again? “Further on?” Do they mean “from now on?”

And how about “the first in line” part? Do they mean “to be the first in line?”

I hear Russian accent, Comrade. No?

 

In any event, they state that Bytecoin has:

 

“…broken ground on developing a wallet-integrated solution that would allow anyone to create their own Bytecoin based token”

 

I mean, don’t we have enough tokens?

 

Or is this a bit of good news. An untraceable token to represent “assets” on the Bytecoin blockchain. Like Ethereum, in some respects — but more private and secure I gather. The fact that this token system will be wallet integrated is also curious.

Integrated into an easy-to-use wallet, like the one we have now or like the Ethereum system? With Ethereum there is a learning curve. I hope that Bytecoin’s innovations will be more user-friendly, however. Not a bloated giant.

The blog entry also teases us with another upcoming innovation — a new “feature.” We can only speculate here. It could be anything.

 

The last bit of information in the blog entry is the notification that we will be provided more information at some future date, so we can be the first to try their new token based system. Again, it is worded oddly to me.

 

Most of us may not need tokens, if we already have Bytecoin. Some, however, could use a token for creating in-house cryptocurrencies that are more secure and private than Bitcoin. The start-up costs might be minimal, if the backbone (Bytecoin) is already there. Also, more users would likely strengthen the backbone. As this occurs — if it occurs — Bytecoin would become more valuable. It is also possible that the tokens themselves could become more valuable than Bytecoin itself.

On the other “dirty” hand, adding tokens to the system might strain it, if the Bytecoin devs are attempting to create mammoth system. I hope they choose to make things modular, in this sense. So any bad “parts” can be replaced or rejected by users voluntarily.

 

We are teased further with this…

 

“Commencing countdown till the global ICO market revolution.”

 

Personally, I’d like to see a clock ticking down, but I get the picture.

 

Of course, ICO means “Initial Coin Offering,” but what coin or coins? Our own tokens we generate on top of the Bytecoin blockchain? Or their new tokens?

And what market? Token market(s)? Like all those tokens being added on top of the Ethereum Blockchain? Are these the “markets?” Are they talking about another market altogether?

When you think about that for a minute you have to wonder what type of organization would use a private, secure and untraceable token. Not banks. They must comply with regulations. Not investment houses, for the same reasons.

Individuals could use tokens they create, however. And yes, the bad guys too.

Suppose you live in China, for example. You’ve been trying to get your money out of the country for years, but can’t. All of your compatriots don’t trust most cryptocurrencies. They are traceable — much too public. Many of your friends know about Bytecoin, but they trust you, not some unknown system that has been ruthlessly attacked by bloggers and hacker alike. You then decide to create a token on the Bytecoin Blockchain that represents an asset. It could be gold, silver or some other property.

What is the end result of a token that cannot be traced to a sender or receiver? Monetary freedom? Gox in a box?

Don’t forget the flip-side of Bytecoin, however. Nobody is watching the fort. If your newly emitted tokens evaporate into thin air, oh well. At least with the public coins — like Ripple, Stellar Lumens or even Ethereum, you can contact a live human.

With Bytecoin? You can look at nice Bytecoin Team Memes. Hello “PACIFIC_SKYLINE,” do you really exist? How’s the water? Answer? Silence.

I do detect a note of odd grammar in this latest blog. It is as if the poster does not quite have a complete grasp of the language or is writing in a type of shortcut method. It could also be that the writer is not American — perhaps English is a second language. (I am American, but at least my grammar errors are obvious.)

And I am not an English teacher, but I argue with them regularly. They often tell me about my spelling errors on these blogs. But spelling is one thing and grammar is another. We can “hear” the subtle differences.

More ominously, maybe Bytecoin has been bought-out and the new owners are attempting to keep this fact quiet, Da?

Finally, maybe all the original “Team” is present. If that is so, please clean up your latest blog.

And talk to us.

Cryptocurrency Outlook

Coins

What is store for the cryptocurrency near-future? More ICO’s (Initial Coin Offerings) or a slow realization that public blockchains are risky?

In the realm of the digital, cryptography is definitely a contender for your money. Not unlike your retirement plans, savings accounts and the cash hoard under your mattress. You might also be surprised that cryptography is changing more than finance, however.

Cryptocurrency is creating its own financial vortex. An ever growing singularity threatening to unravel, not only the monetary systems in place today, but the social systems upon which they rely.

What would happen if the state money you have in your bank went the way of the Dodo Bird? Would you use gold, silver or a cryptocurrency to get you through the bad times? Perhaps a lesson is unfolding right before our eyes.

The average Venezuelan could tell you about bad times. Their economy continues to nose dive as their monetary system crashes. Social services, food, water, medicine? All hard to come by. And it is a result of policies that made their money evaporate. They simply “printed” too much and it — their entire social system — is dying as a result.

…cryptocurrency can be hidden much easier than silver coins.

Is bitcoin  propping up the average Venezuelan citizen today? Certainly, it is helping. Government agents cannot reach into the Bitcoin Bank and take your money. They can, however, force you to give up your passwords and make you transfer your funds to them. Unless you use a third party service. One in another country that refuses to release your funds.

In short, cryptocurrency can be hidden much easier than silver coins.

More specifically, it is in cryptocurrency that many of us place our hopes and dreams. But are our hopes misplaced? Is this new fin-tech space a mere blip in the larger scale of the Information Age?

If bitcoin cannot be “over-printed,” by design, what is it really? A steadily valuing asset, so long as we keep using and buying and trusting it? Trusting a digitized currency?

Many of us already know the risks involved with Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency. You can stand to gain, maintain, or lose your proverbial behind. Billions of dollars of real money have been made during this ongoing; and certainly speculative run up. Values continue to climb, then retreat, and most unfortunately, the system itself, especially the most popular cryptocurrency of all, bitcoin, is showing signs of strain.

We can make comparisons all day. The Dot.com bubble. Tulip Mania. Speculation. A craze. Decentralized money. Be your own bank. Smart contracts. The World computer(s) galore.

Every Tom, Dick and Harry has a new idea…

Every Tom, Dick and Harry has a new idea for a new cryptocurrency. Just as every new company has new stock. Whole countries are “testing” the waters, allowing the new non-state monies freer reign.

And choices are great. Eventually, however, the most efficient tech will surpass the rest. Just as large home computers gave way to tablets then smart phones, the fastest and most secure systems — the most trusted — will win.

Reliability is also key. You can fix it if it breaks, but you might lose your customer if it breaks for long. For example, I really liked Peercoin when it first came out. An unknown  developer (Sunny King) who sort of kept his or her distance. An energy efficient system. It seemed more decentralized, even if it was not private — meaning others could see my balances and purchases. All the same, when Peercoin broke — forked — I was ticked off. Never again did I invest. Well, maybe once or twice, but I steered clear of the software. Just traded it.

Central Control…

Central control is another concern. Central authorities like our various governments often step in to assert that money must be controlled. To protect us. Bitcoin itself was the antitheses to centralized control. Today, to state that Bitcoin is decentralized would be stretching it.

Large computational warehouses churn out Bitcoin’s life blood. Many are in China. The sheer amount of electricity used to continue this process is staggering. And China is by no means a free country, but are any countries truly free these days?

Power consumption. If we use the United States as an example it is estimated that Bitcoin miners worldwide use nearly the same amount of electricity as nearly 300,000 homes. An argument for Bitcoin’s value to be sure. Even so, this very fact makes the giant Chinese Mining warehouses targets.

Is Bitcoin money? Does it have a real value? Why does it continue to thrive? These are all great questions and many have chimed in — attempted to answer them. In truth, there is no simple answer.

So what happens next?

Will whole regions compete with their favored cryptocurrencies? Will the public blockchains rule or will private ones begin to take market share? Will governments give certain companies special rights to sell their wares, so long as they are complaint with all of the reporting requirements? Does this latter situation not break all the rules of cryptocurrency?

And the “next” is already occurring. The herd is moving in the fields, but the fields are fenced-in. Slowly, the acreage will be sectioned off. A divide and conquer strategy.

Will it be bad? Not initially. Not until the authorities begin to demand changes to the code to allow several things. Easier snooping and taxation. Eventually, not unlike Peercoin, the social engineers will ask the ultimate sacrifice: faster inflation. That will spell the end of it.

There are no places to hide. Yes, companies can hock their wares — sell their crypto-goods — with governmental permission. They can report all account holders and take names. They can play the game.

Many of us will use these trusted public blockchains. Many of us will unknowingly use the current banking systems, unaware that they will soon be using Ripple or maybe Stellar Lumens or some other well researched, official and “approved” system.

There are a few cryptocurrencies remaining that, as of yet, have refused to comply with authorities — completely. They also have better reputations that most. Monero and Aeon. Their developers remain, mostly, anonymous. A good and bad thing. As a result, there are fewer markets. Fewer places to purchase these relatively private cryptocurrencies. But they are far more secure and private than most other competitors.

It reminds me of Prohibition in the United States beginning in the 1920’s and even the current laws against drugs today. What happens when people are told that they cannot buy and use something they want? In the end the price goes way up. A sort of “valuation wave.”

Is this what is in store for Monero and Aeon?


Image: Flickr

 

 

 

Trust-Mining

 

To Pre-Mine or not to Pre-Mine? That is the question.

Is it really?

No. It’s “Trust Mining.”

Pre-mining: To create or mine cryptocurrency in advance of public release.

One of the arguments against any cryptocurrency launch is the idea of a pre-mine. There has been a tremendous amount of discussion about the topic. But these discussions are scattered all over the net. This is an effort to place some of them in one place.

First, before we get into the weeds, we must answer the basic question…

Does a Creator of a Cryptocurrency have a Right to Pre-mine?

This is the first question many seem to overlook. They list numerous reasons against the practice, but gloss over the fact that the decision to pre-mine is the right of the creator of the cryptocurrency. Whether a software application is given away or sold, the creator — the developer — has the option to pre-mine or not to pre-mine.

Whether you agree with that statement or not is immaterial. Facts are stubborn things.

All the calls to make such a thing illegal demonstrates an underlying motive. That motive is to steal another’s idea. If you don’t like the Pre-Mine, change the channel. A developer can do anything he wants with a piece of code, absent making it reach into your bank account or similar.

Remember, cryptocurrencies are “voluntary.” You use them only if you so choose. So stop your whining.

Is it a Good Idea to Pre-Mine?

It depends if your application is open source or not and how it is updated or changed.

Ripple and Stellar are companies and therefore centralized — and Pre-Mined all of their cryptocurrencies. Both have had some reasonable success and have rights to their respective blockchains.

Ripple is integrated with the current financial world, whereas Stellar is attempting to appeal to the masses. Neither has come close to the success of Bitcoin.

Bitcoin was not Pre-Mined, but Satoshi Nakamoto did begin to mine first and then others became interested. This is not the official meaning of a Pre-Mine, however.

If Satoshi had set aside in apparent million “BTC,” before anyone knew what he was doing and then he attempted to release the application to the world, the success of Bitcoin would have been in doubt.

As it was, Satoshi launched a “cooperative” venture and asked anyone who was interested to download and begin mining. And we know the results. Whether Bitcoin will exist long term is another question.

When others began to copy the Bitcoin idea — literally or not — the idea of a Pre-Mine entered the Fintech vocabulary. It has been considered deceptive, if the launch of a cryptocurrency did not advise that a Pre-Mine existed.

If a Pre-Mine was publicized before launch, it was the decision of the people to mine or not.

The “Dump” Risk?

This is perhaps the best argument against Pre-Mining. The fact that at any moment, the creators can flood the market with their own coins — sell at a profit — and essentially crash their own coin. A few days later, they then announce a new coin and the process begins anew.

This scenario appears to diminish with time, however. It’s the early days, where pumps are in hyper mode, when a Pre-Mine Dump would be tempting.

For example, if there was a 10% Pre-Mine that would mean 10% of all the coins ever to be mined are now in someone’s wallet. No big deal right? What a minute. What if only 20% of the total coins have been mined? That would mean the Pre-Mine is currently 50% of the total. If a dump were to occur the ‘coin’ could crash, as the developers cash-in.

Those unlucky enough to be holding their ‘coin’ after a major dump of Pre-Mined coins, are in fact, fleeced. Many such comments litter the net about “Bag Holders” with “dead” coins after a big Pre-Mine dump. AuroraCoin anyone?

But if I Pre-Mine and do a Giveaway, won’t that help?

So far, the answer appears to be “no.”

Closed source coins like Stellar and open source ones like AuroraCoin have tried. Stellar has been trending lower for over a year. Again, their long term success is in doubt.

To give crypto-coins away, as effort mask the fact that you will dump in advance is also a deceptive practice.

Then there are the pure Proof-of-Work Coins. They are or can be 100% Pre-Mined. If you trust the developers fine. Sunny King of Peercoin fame may be onto something, but the old proof is in the pudding, right? Peercoin has been trending lower since the “Great Bitcoin Pump,” but so has Bitcoin.

 If the Developer does other Good Things with the Pre-Mine, won’t that Help?

Maybe.

Stellar uses the Non-Profit angle to assist the uneducated and the alleged, underbanked. If you want to pour your hard earned money down that potential black hole, be my guest. I gave at the office, thanks.

But many other cryptocurrencies use the Pre-Mine for upkeep and updates. The danger here, is that “they” are often in full control of their semi-centralized blockchains. I’m thinking about DASH here. (Not Dashcoin – DSH.)

DASH does have a voting system when proposals are made to change the ‘coin,’ and the system reflects a business-like model. DASH also, allegedly, had a Pre-Mine. And they have been in an uptrend for over six months. Pre-Mining, which DASH developers have explained as a glitch in the early works, has not yet hurt the crypto. But their innovation may have overcome the bad taste of the early coin hoarders. Again, only time will tell if the ‘coin’ has staying power.

What is a Pre-Sale?

Some cryptocurrencies Pre-Mine millions of coins and then sell them off to investors to generate revenues, before the official launch. In other words, the coins are actually released to the public, beforehand. This is not as bad as withholding sale and should not be considered a “pure” Pre-Mine.

But let us not mince words. He who controls a Pre-Mine, even a sale thereof, controls the ‘coin.’ This may be why, among other reasons, that Ethereum now has a partner (okay competitor) called Ethereum Classic. It is also instructive that the original developers of ETH turned their clock backwards to ensure that a funds were not diverted inappropriately, due to a problem with some “code” as it were. If that’s not centralization of monetary power, I don’t know what is. Certainly Janet Yellen noticed.

No Pre-Mine

If you want to have others adopt your private currency, in some meaningful way, then you need cooperation. You need miners if you are going that route. Miners that support your blockchain. Stakeholders in your system. Producers of your coin. Users of your API’s. Investors in the wonderworks. Speculators to drive everyone else mad. And all the rest.

If others feel that you have the investment advantage, your level of cooperation may be diminished. Starting everyone at the same place — at square one — seems to be relatively ‘cooperative.’ It shows that you believe in your product enough to start right alongside everyone else. To get into the fray, for better or worse, with those who you wish to adopt your plan and support your network — your blockchain.

In this sense, the developer is the artist. Everyone is invited to make a copy of his/her/their work and use it. Occasionally, the developers make improvements upon their works. Or they work as a team and use some form of voting system to approve or disapprove changes. There are many variants.

The Pre-Mine with a Side Show

Perhaps a lesser explored reason for Pre-Mining is to show the actual cryptocurrency in operation. The “red herring” idea or “selling the sizzle, not the steak.”

The cryptocurrency enthusiast is curious about all of functions built into the newly designed ‘currency,’ such as faster transaction times, blockchain savings, secret messages, private markets and the like. But when you check the website and the hacker news, you find that there was a huge Pre-Mine. That should be a warning to you — unless you truest the developers.

The Fee-Mine Concept

One way developers avoid Pre-Mining, is to code in a fee based system using the native currency. Each time you send or mine the cryptocurrency the developer receives a small portion of the proceeds, which they can then divvy out among the miners.

Trust Mining

We all know that cryptocurrency has no intrinsic value. It is not necessarily durable. All the aspects of a sound money are certainly not imbedded within. But to come as close as we can to a sound money system might be the ticket.

After all, the dollar is a mere piece of paper. The United States has what many refer to as shadow gold standard. But like a cryptocurrency, if the dollar loses its trust, say when the printing presses shove out “QE4” forever, all bets are off.

Multi-Mining:

In a sense, Ethereum and now Ethereum Classic are attempting to provide an intrinsic-like value to their cryptocurrencies. The do this by having the native “primary” coin function or fuel many other side processes, colored coins, self-executing contracts and applications. The list goes on.

But these “primary” coins only function within their own ecosystems.

In contrast, one of most stable monies and currencies of all time, gold, has uses other than its monetary use and outside of a captive blockchain.

Utility Mining:

Perhaps one of the best ways to establish a cryptocurrency is to allow it more versatility…more utility. A ‘coin” that has more than one use. Like gold has more than one use. A coin that when mined, can be used “outside” of its blockchain for other utilitarian or even decorative purposes. Off blockchain uses that will allow for private transfers as well as public receipts.

Thus far, many seem to focus upon the many blockchain uses. Perhaps it is time to look at another facet. A cryptocurrency that can function off-blockchain or not require a blockchain at all.


Photo Source: By Jericho [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons